Selected Bibliography

World War I

Capozzola, Christopher Joseph Nicodemus. Uncle Sam Wants You: World War I and the Making of the Modern American Citizen. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Peterson, H. C, and Gilbert Courtland Fite. Opponents of War, 1917-1918. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1957.

Schaffer, Ronald. America in the Great War: The Rise of the War Welfare State. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Zieger, Robert H. America’s Great War: World War I and the American Experience. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2000.

Race and Ethnicity

Ford, Nancy Gentile. “‘Mindful of the Traditions of His Race’: Dual Identity and Foreign-Born Soldiers in the First World War American Army.” Journal of American Ethnic History 16, no. 2 (Winter 1997): 35–57.

Williams, Kidada E. They Left Great Marks on Me: African American Testimonies of Racial Violence from Emancipation to World War I. New York: New York University Press, 2012.


Rawls, Walton. Wake Up, America!: World War I and the American Posters. New York, N.Y., United States: Abbeville Press, 1988.

Vaughn, Stephen. Holding Fast the Inner Lines: Democracy, Nationalism, and the Committee on Public Information. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.


Gaustad, Edwin and Leigh Schmidt. The Religious History of America: The Heart of the American Story from Colonial Times to Today. Revised Edition. San Francisco: HarperCollins, 2002.


Bristow, Nancy K. Making Men Moral: Social Engineering during the Great War. New York: New York University Press, 1996.

Zeiger, Susan. In Uncle Sam’s Service: Women Workers with the American Expeditionary Force, 1917-1919. Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press, 1999.

Zeiger, Susan. “She Didn’t Raise Her Boy to Be a Slacker: Motherhood, Conscription, and the Culture of the First World War.” Feminist Studies 22, no. 1 (Spring 1996): 6–39.


Bristow, Nancy K. Making Men Moral: Social Engineering during the Great War. New York: New York University Press, 1996.


Lancaster, Richard C. Serving the U.S. Armed Forces, 1861-1986: The Story of the YMCA’s Ministry to Military Personnel for 125 Years. Schaumburg, Ill. (1501 Woodfield Rd., Schaumburg 60195): Armed Services YMCA of the USA, 1987.

Putney, Clifford. Muscular Christianity: Manhood and Sports in Protestant America, 1880-1920. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2001.


Brandimarte, Cynthia. “Women on the Home Front: Hostess Houses during World War I.” Winterthur Portfolio 42, no. 4 (Winter 2008): 201–22.

Robertson, Nancy Marie. Christian Sisterhood, Race Relations, and the YWCA, 1906-46. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2007.

The Jewish Welfare Board

Cooperman, Jessica. “The Jewish Welfare Board and Religious Pluralism in the American Military of World War I.” American Jewish History 98, no. 4 (October 2014): 237-61.

Manual for Speakers in the United War Work Campaign. (New York: Jewish Welfare Board, 1918): 1-24.

The Knights of Columbus and National Catholic War Council

Kauffman, Christopher J. Faith and Fraternalism: A History of the Knights of Columbus 1882-1982. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.

Piper, Joseph H., Jr. American Churches in World War I. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1985.

Williams, Michael. American Catholics in the War: National War Council, 1917-1921. New York: Macmillan, 1921.

The American Library Association

Young, Arthur P. “Aftermath of a Crusade: World War I and the Enlarged Program of the American Library Association.” Library Quarterly 50, no. 2 (April 1980): 191–207.

Young, Arthur P. Books for Sammies: The American Library Association and World War I. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Beta Phi Mu, 1981.

The Salvation Army

Wisbey, Herbert A. Soldiers without Swords: A History of the Salvation Army in the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1955.

War Camp Community Service

Hardy, Stephen, and Alan G. Ingham. “Games, Structures, and Agency: Historians on the American Play Movement.” Journal of Social History 17, no. 2 (December 1, 1983): 285–301.

Lee, Joseph. “War Camp Community Service.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 79 (September 1, 1918): 189–94.